Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education is a school subject through which pupils develop the knowledge, skills and attributes they need to manage their lives, now and in the future. It helps children and young people to stay healthy and safe, while preparing them to make the most of life and work.
PSHE education addresses both pupils’ current experiences and preparation for their future. At EWS the PSHE curriculum teaches students the knowledge, skills and attributes, where prior learning is revisited, reinforced and extended year on year.
At key stage 3, students build on the knowledge and understanding, skills, attributes and values they have acquired and developed during the primary phase. PSHE education acknowledges and addresses the changes that young people experience, beginning with transition to secondary school, the challenges of adolescence and their increasing independence. It teaches the knowledge and skills which will equip them for the opportunities and challenges of life. Students learn to manage diverse relationships, their online lives, and the increasing influence of peers and the media.
At key stage 4, students deepen knowledge and understanding, extend and rehearse skills, and further explore attitudes, values and attributes acquired during key stage 3. PSHE education reflects the fact that students are moving towards an independent role in adult life, taking on greater responsibility for themselves and others.
By the end of key stage 5, many young people will leave home for the first time and live independently, possibly in distant locations. There is a balance throughout this Programme of Study between preparing students to manage their current lives and laying the foundations for managing future experiences. As students progress through the key stages, this balance shifts towards teaching related to young people’s current experiences. It is essential to provide a comprehensive PSHE education programme in key stage 5; this ensures students continue to learn about issues with real-life relevance to them, at a crucial transition point in their lives.
The learning opportunities at key stage 5 assume that students have already covered those in key stage 4. However, students entering key stage 5 from different feeder schools may bring a range of experience and understanding, so it may be appropriate to also draw on learning opportunities in key stage 4 when planning your curriculum. It is important to revisit and reinforce earlier learning through learning that ‘connects’ it to contexts that are relevant to this age group, such as the workplace.
This key stage represents the last opportunity to ensure that students have the knowledge and understanding, skills, strategies and attributes they need for independent living and the next stage in their education or career.
Term 1 - Health and Wellbeing. Transition to secondary school and personal safety in and outside school including first aid.
Term 2 - Living in the Wider World Careers programme- Challenging Stereotypes. This unit of work challenges the stereotypes which abound about job suitability for different genders and opens the learner’s mind to wider possibilities and opportunities in the world of work. Learners begin to understand how enterprises are organised with job specialisation, pay scales and different job titles.
Term 3 - Relationships. Health and puberty. This term focusses on healthy routines, influences on health, puberty, unwanted contact and FGM.
Term 4 - Living in the Wider World Careers programme- Job Titles. Exploring the world of business with regard to job titles, pay scales and functional areas. This unit of work helps students to develop an understanding of the way businesses are structured and operate. It informs them how job titles can be linked to pay and the hierarchy of organisations.
Term 5 - Health and Wellbeing. This term focuses on diversity, prejudice and bullying.
Term 6 - Relationships. This term focuses on building relationships, self worth, romance, friendships and boundaries.
Term 1 - Health and Wellbeing - The focus of this term is on mental health and wellbeing which includes body image and coping strategies.
Term 2 - Living in the Wider World Careers programme- Future Choices. Learners develop a fuller understanding of enterprise organisation and ownership. They are introduced to Labour Market information and focus on how their future choices, within secondary education and beyond, may impact their chosen career path. Students are introduced to sectors of employment, qualifications, skills and how subjects in GCSE years tie into jobs and careers.
Term 3 - Relationships. The focus on this term is on discrimination in all its forms including rasism, religious discrimination, disability, discrimination, sexism, homophobia, biphobia and traphobia.
Term 4 - Living in the Wider World Careers programme- The Labour Market. Students look at enterprise ownership to understand how they operate. Investigations into local businesses help students assess why certain enterprises set up in certain locations. Advantages and disadvantages are considered. Students complete a SWOT analysis for the localLabour Market.
Term 5 - Health and Wellbeing. This term focuses on alcohol and drug misuse and pressure relating to drug use. First aid and what to do in an emergency situation including road safety.
Term 6 - Relationships. This term focuses on gender identity, sexual orientation, consent, sexting and an introduction to contraception.
Term 1 - Health and Wellbeing. This term focuses on diet, exercise, lifestyle balance, first aid and choices.
Term 2 - Living in the Wider World Careers programme- Job Roles and Skills Required. Year 9 learners investigate how general life skills, those gained through education settings and skills they already possess transfer into employability. Videos of real employees in real jobs are used to discuss with learners how skills have been developed and adapted where necessary within certain career paths. A greater emphasis is placed on the qualifications needed for the workplace.
Term 3 - Relationships. This term focuses on families and parenting, healthy relationships, conflict resolution and relationship changes.
Term 4 - Living in the Wider World Careers programme- Next Steps. Students learn what to expect from their GCSEs and the pathways available to them afterwards, such as A Levels at 6th Form, apprenticeships or further education settings. They identify skills which are needed to be successful in business and grde themselves for their level of skills at this present time. Students find out about Gap Years and build their ideal year out. They are introduced to Universities and find out what higher education can offer.
Term 5 - Health and Wellbeing. This term focuses on peer influences, substance use and gangs, healthy and unhealthy friendships, assertiveness, substance misuse and gang exploitation s.
Term 6 - Relationships. This term focuses on relationships and sex education including consent, contraception, the risk of STIs and attitudes to pornography.
Term 1 - Health and Wellbeing. This term focuses on Mental ill health, stigma, safeguarding health, including during periods of transition or change.
Term 2 - Living in the Wider World Career programme- Labour Market Information & Work Experience. Students have an in depth look at current Labour Market Information to guide their understanding of the local job market and the sectors to look at for their specific ideas around employment. Year 10 also brings them the opportunity to attend a full week of work experience with follow up discussion in order for them to evaluate what they have experienced and draw conclusions to help them continue along the right pathway for them.
Term 3 - Relationships . This term focuses on relationship and sex expecations, myths, pleasure and challenges, including the impact of the media, pornography.
Term 4 - Living in the Wider World Career programme- Employable Me. This module introduces students to the skills and qualities employers look for in individuals. It informs them about job description and person specifications before moving into preparing them for interviews with role play.
Term 5 - Health and wellbeing. This term focuses on the influence and impact of drugs, gangs, role models and the media.
Term 6 - Relationships. This term focuses on addressing extremism, radicalisation and communities. This term also also focuses on different families and parental responsibilities, pregnancy, marriage, forced marriage and changing relationships.
Term 1 - Health and Wellbeing. This term focuses on self-efficacy, stress management and future opportunities.
Term 2 - Living in the Wider World Careers programme- Post 16, Alternatives and Beyond. This module helps students gain a full understanding of what is available to them at Post 16, Higher Education or Approved Training as well as giving them information to take beyond their statutory education. Year 11 students have priority access to our Altogether Careers Advisor with a focused 1:1 appointment slot to discuss their options and give advice should they already have a clear chosen pathway.
Term 3 - Relationships. This term focuses on communication in relationships, personal values, assertive communication (including relationship contraception and sexual health) relationship challenges and abuse.
Term 4 - Living in the Wider World Careers programme- Financial Management. This term Year 11s learn about financial matters such as; why we budget and how we budget. They also learn about taxes, national insurance, National Minimum Wage, bank accounts, bank statements, payslips, different types of payment cards and borrowing, and paying bills.
Term 5 - Health and Wellbeing. This term focuses on independence, responsible health choices and safety in independent contexts.
Term 1- Drug and alcohol awareness- the awareness of types of drugs and alcohol and the impact on the body
Term 2- Health & Wellbeing; social media and mental health
Term 3- Personal finance and economic wellbeing; personal finance, banking, mortgages, etc
Term 4- Physical health and wellbeing; fitness, diet, dental routines, healthy eating, physical examination
Term 5- Healthy relationships and sexual health; Marriage, types of relationships, exploitation, coercion, FGM, bullying, discrimination in all forms
Term 6- Post 18 options; university, apprenticeships, gap year, employment opportunities Post 18
Term 1- Addiction including drugs, alcohol, legal highs, sugar and gambling
Term 2- Citizenship; British Values, Rule of law, democracy
Term 3- Sexual health; STI, risky sexual behaviours, choice and fact around preganancy, fertility
Term 4- Respectful relationships; stereotypes, discrimination, sexual harrassment, types of bullying, equality, sexual pressure, online relationships, managing online influences
Term 5- Independent living; preparing to live independently of parents/ carers.
Links to support/ advice